Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Notes for Stage 15

The Imperfect Tense of Some Irregular
possum, posse – to be able
Consider the verb sum esse fuī  -  to be
Also the verb possum, posse potuī – to be able
Present
1st
sum
sumus

1st
possum
possumus
2nd
es
estis

2nd
potes
potestis
3rd
est
sunt

3rd
potest
possunt
Imperfect
1st
eram
eramus

1st
poteram
poterāmus
2nd
eras
eratis

2nd
poterās
poterātis
3rd
erat
erant

3rd
poterat
poterant

The Irregular Verbs volō, volle & nōlō, nōlle:
They form the imperfect tense in the same way as regular verbs, i.e. using the tense sign ba attached to the stem and then an appropriate ending.
Present
1st
volō
volumus

1st
nōlō
nōlumus
2nd
vīs
vultis

2nd
nōn vīs
nōn vultis
3rd
vult
volunt

3rd
nōn vult
nōlunt
Imperfect
1st
volēbam
volēbamus

1st
nōlēbam
nōlēbamus
2nd
volēbas
volēbatis

2nd
nōlēbas
nōlēbatis
3rd
volēbat
volēbant

3rd
nōlēbat
nōlēbant

Exercises: Choose the correct form; translate.
1.         servī sōlem vidēre nōn ___.
            a. poterāmus    b. poterātis      c. poterant

2.         nōs labōrare nōn ___.
            a. poterāmus    b. poterātis      c. poterant

3.         Bregāns amphoram portāre nōn ___.
            a. poteram       b. poterās        c. poterat

4.         tū in urbe manēre ___.
            a. poteram       b. poterās        c. poterat

5.         Rūfilla vīllam prope urbem habēre ___.
            a. volēbam      b. volēbas        c. volēbat

6.         nōs redīre ___.
            a. nōlēbamus   b. nōlēbatis      c. nōlēbant

7.         custōdēs servum interficere ___.
            a. nōlēbamus   b. nōlēbatis      c. nōlēbant

8.         cūr tū festināre      ___?
            a. volēbam      b. volēbas        c. volēbat
  
9.         ___ certāmen nāvāle spectāre volēbamus.
            a. ego        b. nōs        c. servus          d. servī

10.       ___ scopulum vītāre volēbat.

            a. tū           b. vōs        c. Dumnorix      d. nautae